1989 – 1998
Decade of transformation. Nationwide strikes in 1988 paralysed the country and forced the communist government into open dialogue with Solidarność. The negotiations paved the way to the first partially free elections in the Eastern Bloc in June 1989 and a peaceful transfer of power in their aftermath. The new paradigm resulted in a transition to liberal democracy and free-market economy. Despite multiple changes of governments, that direction was kept throughout the whole decade and eventually resulted in Poland’s accession to western structures.